• Brazil
Brazil

National name:

República Federativa do Brasil Population (2012 est.):

205,716,890 (growth rate: 1.1%); birth rate: 17.48/1000; infant mortality rate: 21.820.5/1000; life expectancy: 72.79; density per sq km: 22 Capital (2009 est.): Brasília, 3,789,000 Largest cities: São Paulo, 19,900,000; Rio de Janeiro, 11,836,000; Salvador, 2,590,400; Belo Horizonte, 5,736,000; Recife, 1,485,500; Porto Alegre, 4,034,000 Monetary unit: Real

Government:

Federal republic. Languages: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (Inuit dialect), German; English is the predominant second anguage National Holiday: Independence Day, September 7

Ethnicity/race:

white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000) Religion: Roman Catholic 74%, Protestant 15%, Spiritualist 1%, none 7% (2000) Literacy rate: 88.6% (2011 est.)

Economic summary:

GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $2.282 trillion; per capita $11,600. Real growth rate: –2.7%. Inflation: 6.5%. Unemployment: 6%. Arable land: 7%.

Agriculture:

coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef. Labor force: 104.7 million; agriculture 20%, industry 14%, services 66% (2011 est.).

Industries:

textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment.

Natural resources:

bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber.

Communications:

Telephones: main lines in use: 8.66 million (2011); mobile cellular: 22.5 million (2011). Internet users: 15.81 million (2011).

Transportation:

Railways: total: 28,538 km (2011). Highways: total: 1,751,868 km; paved: 96,353 km; unpaved: 1,655,515 km (2011). Waterways: 50,000 km (most in areas remote from industry and population) (2005). Ports and harbors: Gebig, Itaqui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande, San Sebasttiao, Santos, Sepetiba Terminal, Tubarao, Vitoria. Airports: 4,072 (2011 est.).

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