• Netherland
Netherland

Government

Constitutional hereditary monarchy. Capital and largest city Amsterdam (official),1.044 million; The Hague (administrative capital), 629,000 Land area 13,104 sq mi (33,939 sq km); total area: 16,033 sq mi (41,526 sq km) Population 16,730,632 (growth rate: 0.452%); birth rate: 10.89/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.73/1000; life expectancy: 80.91 Monetary unit Euro (formerly guilder) National name Koninkrijk der Nederlanden Languages Dutch, Frisian (both official)

Religions

Roman Catholic 30%, Protestant 20% (Dutch Reformed 11%, Calvinist 6%, other Protestant 3%), Muslim 5.8%, other 2.2%, none 42% (2006) National Holiday Queen's Day, April 30 Literacy rate 99% (2003 est.)

Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $701.4 billion; per capita $42,000. Real growth rate: 1.1%. Inflation: 2.3%. Unemployment: 4.4%. Arable land: 21.96%.

Agriculture

Grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock. Labor force: 7.809 million; agriculture 2%, industry 18%, services 80% (2011 est.).

Industries

Agro industries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing.

Natural resources

Natural gas, petroleum, arable land. Exports: $550.2 billion (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs. Imports: $492.1billion (2011 est.):

Communications:

Telephones: main lines in use: 7.135 million (2011); mobile cellular: 19.835 million (2011). Broadcast media: more than 90% of households are connected to cable or satellite TV systems.

Transportation:

Railways: total: 2,896 km (2009). Highways: total: 136,827 km (includes 2,631 km of expressways) (2008). Waterways: 6,214 km (navigable for ships of 50 tons). Ports and terminals: Amsterdam, IJmuiden, Moerdijk, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Vlissingen.Airports 27 (2012).

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