• Norway
Netherland

Government

Constitutional monarchy National name Kongeriket Norge Capital and largest city (June 2013 est.) Oslo, 629,313, Bergen- 270,600; Stavanger- 197,852 ; Trondheim, 170,242 Land area 118,865 sq mi (307,860 sq km); total area: 125,181 sq mi (324,220 sq km) Population (2013 census 5,063,709 (growth rate: 0.3%); birth rate: 10.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.5/1000; life expectancy: 80.1; density per sq km: 15 Monetary unit Norwegian krone

Languages

Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities) Ethnicity/race Norwegian, Sami 20,000 Religions Evangelical Lutheran 86% (state church), Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2% (2004) National Holiday Constitution Day, May 17 Literacy rate 100% (2003 est.)

Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $273.1 billion; per capita $58,600. Real growth rate: –1%. Inflation: 2.3%. Unemployment: 3.2%. Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish. Labor force: 2.5 million; services 74%, industry 22%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4% (1995).

Industries

Petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing. Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower. Exports: $122 billion (2009 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish. Imports: $64.5 billion (2009 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: UK, Germany, Netherlands, France, U.S., Sweden, Denmark, China (2006).

Communications:

Telephones: main lines in use: 2.055 million (2006); mobile cellular: 5.041 million (2006). Television broadcast stations: 360 (plus 2,729 repeaters) (1995). Televisions: 2.03 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2.084 million (2007). Internet users: 4.074 million (2006).

Transportation:

Railways: total: 4,043 km (2006). Highways: total: 92,513 km; paved: 71,832 km (includes 664 km of expressways); unpaved: 20,681 km (2005). Waterways: 1,577 km (2007). Ports and harbors: Bergen, Drammen, Floro, Hammerfest, Harstad, Haugesund, Kristiansand, Larvik, Narvik, Oslo, Porsgrunn, Stavanger, Tromso, Trondheim. Airports: 98 (2007).

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